What Is Turmeric?
Turmeric (Curcuma Longa) is a perennial flowering plant of ginger family (Zingiberaceae). Turmeric is mainly found in the Indian Peninsula and Southeast Asia. For flowering, turmeric needs sufficient annual precipitation and a temperature of 20-30 ° C. It grows to 1m in height. The leaves of the turmeric plant alternate in two rows. The length of the leaf is usually 70-120cm. It is known that there are about 45 species of turmeric in India, 30-40 in Thailand. There are also numerous species of wild turmeric in other tropical Asian countries.
Turmeric has been in use for thousands of years and plays a major role in Ayurvedic, Siddha and Chinese traditional medicine. It was originally used as a color, but later became widely used in folk medicine. Read more about the benefits of turmeric.
Turmeric roots or rhizomes are mainly used fresh or ground. To grind, the rhizome must first be boiled in water and then dried. The resulting orange-yellow powder is used to add color and flavor to foods. In taste, turmeric powder is warm, bitter and similar to black pepper. The aroma is reputed and mustard-like. Turmeric powder contains about 60-70% carbohydrates, 6-13% water, 5-10% fat, 3-7% dietary minerals, 3-7% essential oils, 2-7% fiber and 1-7% curcuminoids. The best known of curcuminoids is curcumin, which gives it a yellowish-orange color. The higher the curcumin content, the darker the turmeric root. However, the bioavailability of curcumin is very low.
Few natural products have shown such a protective and therapeutic effect as curcumin and its major bioactive components: curcumin, demethoxy-curcumin and bidemetoxy curcumin. The realization of this potential has been significantly limited by poor intestinal absorption, accelerated metabolism
and limited bioavailability. To overcome this bottleneck, dietary supplement developers sought to adopt a variety of approaches to increase absorption and bioactivity. The bioavailability of curcumin can be increased by blending it with black pepper. Black pepper contains piperine, which increases the bioavailability of many supplements through increased absorption. Curcumin absorption is said to increase by up to 2000% when used with piperine. However, it remains unclear how the different turmeric products offered are comparable to one another in terms of rate or effectiveness of consumption, and this uncertainty leaves doctors and nutritionists with incomplete data to make recommendations to interested patients and consumers.